Introduction of SMSP

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The largest nickel ore exporter in New Caledonia

New Caledonia Story

New Caledonia also known as French Paradise in the South Pacific has continuously existed for the past 220 million years. It is the world’s largest coral island boasting of beautiful natural environment, and 60% of the entire land is registered as UNESCO Natural Heritage.
Since it appeared as the background of a successful novel titled ‘The Island Closest to Paradise’ that was written by a Japanese female novelist 40 years ago, it has been cited as such a popular destination for honeymooners that as many as 30,000 Japanese honeymooners visit the island every year. Although it was an unknown island in Korea, it has gained popularity as it was introduced as a filming site of a popular TV drama, “Love a Man More than Flowers.’New Caledonia, a French overseas territory, is a beautiful tourism site frequented by many tourists and boasts of stability in terms of politics, society and culture. It is also one of the world’s largest nickel producers, and frequently spotted redcolored soil in the island originates from nickel. In addition to nickel, the island is rich in chrome, cobalt and iron.

L’ile la plus proche du paradis! The island closest to paradise!

Captain James Cook who came from Scotland discovered an island about 2,000 km away from Australia in1774 and named the island that looked similar to his hometown as New Caledonia (The name Caledonian originates from Roman Era in Scotland). New Caledonia consists of various islands such as Grande Terre, Ile Des Pins, Ouvea, Mare and Lifou, and the area of corral reef-surrounded New Caledonia is one third of Korea.

Refer to Homepage of New Caledonia Tourism Office

History of New Caledonia Detailed View +

  • BC 5000 ~ 7000 : Melanesians (indigenous people) moved in
  • 1774 : Discovered by Captain James Cook (Named it as New Caledonia)
  • 1853 : Occupied by France in the era of Napoleon III
    (21,000 prisoners were forced to immigrate into the island until 1897 when deportation was prohibited.)
  • Late 1800s Discovery of nickel in Grande Terre resulted in weakened indigenous (Kanak) culture
  • 1946 : French citizenship granted to indigenous people
  • 1953 : The first political party established Union Caledonienne
  • 1957 : The right to vote granted to indigenous people
  • 1984 : LChaos called Les Evenements (The event) lasted for two years Indigenous people raised a riot, and a state of national emergency was declared (6 months)
  • 1988 : Established Matignon Convention
    • Introduced autonomy to New Caledonia (Three states such as South, North & Royalty)
    • Agreed to make a decision on independence in 10 years (1998)
  • 1998 : Established Noumea Convention
    • Autonomy permitted in the entire areas except for four areas such as defense, security, law and currency
    • Postponed independence referendum to the period from 2014 to 2019